Strickland genealogy


Francis STRICKLAND, a cordwainer who died in Kirkbymoorside in 1572, is the furthest back I have got with my ancestry on the STRICKLAND line. From him for the next two hundred years (from say 1550 to 1750) the records are poor and/or patchy and so this part of the tree is fairly 'thin'. There is, I believe, a valid thread through these records that links Francis (born circa 1512) to William (born circa 1700). Mainly this thread consists of details from a couple of Wills and in particular land in Appleton le Moors which is first mentioned/owned by Richard (born circa 1610) and is later passed from William (circa 1700) to his sons. To this day there are Strickland descendants living around Appleton le Moors, and most of my collection is based across the North York Moors (in the old North Riding of Yorkshire) in England. This is the location of the English TV series Heartbeat, and it is a lovely part of the island! I also include here links to the homepages of Yorkshire Walks - used to be Franks Walking page, The Official North York Moors Web site and Nicholas Rhea's Heartbeat Web site for more local information.

Notable cousins include Sir Herbert Read, his son Piers Paul Read (the novelist) and our murderer Robert Charter, who married Hannah Strickland in 1842. In addition I have lots of other bits and pieces from around the Kirkbymoorside, Helmsley, Pickering and adjacent parishes such as census indexes, and have linked a number of other local families into my database even though they are only cousins of cousins!

The following surnames are linked to my tree as cousins, related via Francis STRICKLAND (only names with 5 or more cousins are included - overall I have details of about 1000 of his descendants): Atkinson, Baldwin, Barwick, Bennett, Bentley, Bowes, Broughton, Bulmer, Chapman, Charter, Duck, Duffield, Dunning, Ebetson, Ellerby, Ellerker, Emmett, Foster, Foxton, Frank, Garbutt, Harding, Hardwick, Hodgson, Inman, Jackson, Jennings, Kirby, Leckenby, Leng, Lonsborough, Moxham, Norris, Oke, Page, Parker, Parkin, Peirson, Potter, Read, Robinson, Shepherd, Sigsworth, Sleightholm, Smith, Snowden, Sturdy, Taylor, Teasdale, Thompson, Walkington, Ward, Watson, Webster, Weighell and Yuill.

Bransdale Mill

One of the more renowned stories of my Stricklands is their ownership of Bransdale Mill. Bransdale Mill is mentioned and pictured in The Visitors Guide to the North York Moors - York and the Coast by Brian Spencer, published by Moorland Publishing in 1989 - ISBN 0 86190 332 3, 914.28'404858. (pp 49-52), Near Bransdale Lodge beneath the valley head, Bransdale Mill approached only by footpath from either Colt House or Cow Sike Farms, has been carefully restored by volunteers working for its present owners, the National Trust. Described as "The Mill at the World's End", Bransdale Mill was founded in the late thirteenth century and built to grind flour for the Stuteville family estate. The present building dates from 1811 when William Strickland and his son Emmanuel developed the complex of sheds, pigsties, forges and houses surrounding the water-driven mill. ... Other inscriptions above doors and on a sundial are the initials and dates of William Strickland and his masons. A curious number A.M. 5822 beneath the initials W.S., appears to be a reference to a method of calculating the world's age. This was invented by Archbishop Usher (1581-1656), Bishop of Dublin who decided that the world had been created in 4004BC. A.M. stands for Anno Mundi and 5882 (sic) was arrived at by adding 4004 + 1817 + 1 for the year 0 between BC and AD.

William Strickland appears to have bought it from the estate of William Hill in April 1811. (William Hill was possibly the father of William Strickland's first 2 wives.) NYCRO MIC 314, DL 363 455 has the following details: Lease & release respectively fifth & sixth of April 1811 both between Henry Clarke of Farndale, Yeoman and Thomas Hill of Bransdale, trustees named in the last Will and testament of William Hill of Farndale, deceased who was the son of aforesaid Thomas Hill late of Farndale ... and William Strickland of Farndale, Miller ... concerning Water Corn Mill with the Mulcture and soak thereof ... also the messuages, dwelling house or testament and all that close callled Mill Holme containing 3 acres and a whole lot adjoining known as Little Holme, Rough Closes & Horme pasture, together +- 9 acres ... and the lane extending to ... now in occupation of John Ruddock. In the 1851 census his widow Hannah is a farmer of 94 acres - presumably this is the size of the mill and its surrounding fields. Also in Northallerton CRO Registry of (Land) deeds, there is a reconveyance of Bransdale Mill on 22 June 1887. While these deeds never explain what was going on/why the reconveyance happened, one comment that is slightly useful is that Bransdale Mill was formerly in occupation of John Simpson, afterwards William Strickland deceased and now Hugill Strickland. After his brother Hugill's death in 1912, Frederick Strickland (William's youngest son) was the sole owner of Bransdale Mill. According to a document produced by the National Trust, the Mill was let and it seems the last corn to be ground at the Mill was in 1917. When Frederick died in 1923 Bransdale Mill was sold to the Feversham family. Apparently a huge flood in 1947 drove out the last inhabitants. The last of the Fevershams, Charles William Slingsby Duncombe was born in 1906 and died of cancer in 1963. (The Earldom died with him, although the Barony survived via a distant relative who is the currnet Lord Feversham, Charles Peter Anthony Duncombe.) In 1968 the estate was beginning to be resolved and in 1972 1,852.5 acres of farm land in Bransdale was transferred to the National Trust by the Treasury which had accepted it in lieu of estate duty. (A further 62.5 acres of land was bought by the National Trust in 1976, and 10 acres at Beck Plantation was bought in 1986, bringing their total holding in Bransdale to 1,925 acres.)

Below is a picture of Bransdale Mill in winter (complete with 2 cold and miserable little Norrises!)

Strickland in 1851 UK census

The screendump below is from the 1851 UK census 2% extract, showing the location where people with the name Strickland were on census night.

There are at least three other large collections of Stricklands. So far I have found no evidence to connect any of these lines to each other or to mine, although the suspicion remains that there is some connection.

1. Boynton STRICKLANDs

The Book of Yorkshire Pedigrees traces this line back to Roger Strickland of Marske, who was alive in 1584 and had been granted arms in 1550. His son William sat in parliament from 1558 to 1585 and was buried in 1598.

The story of the Boynton Strickland family and their link to turkey farming is broadly known and published. Their coat of arms includes turkeys. What is more of a problem is that there is no real supporting evidence for the story, and indeed analysis of known facts (expeditions by the Cabots etc) tends to disprove the story. Nevertheless here is a quick repeat of the legend. In 1545 William sailed with Sebastian Cabot on one of his voyages of exploration and he brought back from Mexico several large cages of turkeys - "Most strange and marvellous birds". He started breeding them as a hobby at Boynton (near Bridlington) and presented one to Elizabeth Tudor, who so much enjoyed this novel food that she granted him a crest incorporating a turkey. When James I came to England the traditional Christmas dish was boar's head. James had a dislike for boar's head and so turkey was substituted, and has remained popular ever since.

I have collected some details about the genealogy of this family for 2 reasons: first, one of them, a William, lived around Kirkdale when some of his children were baptised. Second, either he or a namesake from Boynton appears to have owned Bransdale Mill in 1782 before my line of Stricklands bought it! Not only that, but this line married into the CONSTABLE family and remains wealthy to this day!

2. Sizergh STRICKLANDs

I have now created a separate page with some family details of this line.

3. American STRICKLANDs

As above, I know very little about any cousins who may have made their way to America (although quite a few got to Canada). For folk looking for Strickland in America try Rocky Strickland's home page.

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Last updated on 22 Sep 2013.